Buy a modern digicam and you are literally spoilt for choice when it comes to exposure modes. Standard is usually the fully programmed mode in which the camera decides on aperture and shutter speed chosen. It is ideal for beginners but if you want be more creative you can choose from the many scene modes provided for you.
A few typical examples could be:
Apart from these fully automatic modes some cameras offer shutter priority or aperture priority. Shutter and aperture are the 2 most important controls on your camera and when you become more familiar with their effects on an image, you may want to explore the possibilities these two modes offer.